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Phonics Help





We now have access to Bug Club Phonics!




Username: The first 4 letters of your child's first name followed by the first 4 letters of their surname.
For example: Robert Brown will be: robebrow
Bob Green will be: bobgree


Password: (Please see post on Tapestry for password)


School Code: (Please see post on Tapestry for code)


You should then be on a home page which contains online books, games and resources tailored to your child's phonics stage.

They can also earn stickers and add books to a personal library to keep track of their reading.


Please contact us if the details do not work!




We want to support you in the teaching of phonics as best we can, below is the document Letters and Sounds - this is a pretty hefty document but it is a bible for teachers in delivering high quality phonics lessons. It contains game ideas and exactly how to deliver a phonics lesson whilst making it fun and interesting for your child.


All children will be working at different levels in phonics, by looking at their new reading book level, you will be able to note which phase they are currently working on.



Emerging Phase 2 - Start teaching from the first sound of Phase 2.

Developing Phase 2 - Start from the sound 'g' and then learn one new Phase 2 sound a day.

Secure Phase 2 - Start from the sound 'h' and then learn one new Phase 2 sound a day.

Emerging Phase 3 - Start from the first sound of Phase 3.

Developing Phase 3-  Start from the sound 'ch' and then learn one new Phase 3 sound a day.

Secure Phase 3 - Start from the sound 'ai' and then learn one new Phase 3 sound a day.

Phase 4 Consolidation- Recap all sounds and tricky words - ensuring children can read and spell them before moving on to Phase 5 sounds.



Lesson Structure



Start every lesson by recapping all the sounds the children have previously learnt.

Below are some great videos which the children can join in with:


Phase 2:


Phase 3:


Phase 4:


Phase 5:


Learn a New Sound


Move on to learning a brand new sound:


The sounds phase 2:


Set 1: s, a, t, p
Set 2: i, n, m, d
Set 3: g, o, c, k
Set 4: ck, e, u, r
Set 5: h, b, f, ff, l, ll, ss



The sounds phase 3:


Set 6: j, v, w, x

Set 7: y, z, zz, qu

Consonant digraphs: ch, sh, th, ng

Vowel digraphs: ai, ee, igh, oa, oo, ar, or, ur, ow, oi, ear, air, ure, er



The sounds phase 4:


During Phase 4, the following tricky words (which can't yet be decoded) are introduced:

  • said
  • have
  • like
  • so
  • do
  • some
  • come
  • were
  • there
  • little
  • one
  • when
  • out
  • what



The sounds Phase 5:



(as in came)


(as in Paul)


(as in saw)


(as in day)


(as in these)


(as in sea)


(as in stew)


(as in chew)


(as in money)


(as in like)


(as in girl)


(as in bone)


(as in toe)


(as in out) 


(as in boy)


(as in Phil)


(as in June)


(as in huge)


(as in clue)


(as in due)


(as in when)









For this part you need to play games and get reading words with the new sound you have learnt that day.


Try these links:



Please see the Letters and Sounds guidance below and the suggested websites for some fun phonics games for your child to do. They might be able to suggest some too! 




Letters and Sounds Guidance